Definition of guidance and counselling
- to make and carry out adequate plans for their lives
- to achieve satisfactory and adjustment in life
- help a person to achieve desired goals
- equip individuals with knowledge and skills which enable him to identify and find ways of controlling problems before they control him
- its a continuing process concerned with determining and providing for developmental means of the learner
- its a lifelong process that involves helping individuals as a group or at personal level. In this respect, guidance promotes self understanding
Counselling can be defined as a face to face relationship with a counsellor and a counselee Todbar (1959). Counselling may also be defined as a learning -oriented process which usually occurs in an interactive relationship with the aim of helping the person learn more about the self and also to be an understanding and effective member of society.
Disparities between guidance and counselling
- Counselling is an accassional process while guidance is a longlife process
- In counselling, there is a problem to be solved, while in guidance, here is none
- In counselling, a professionally trained person is needed but in guidance, any adult of goodwill who has knowledge can guide
- In counselling, the client gives himself advice or the counselee has the answer to his/her problems problems. In guidance, the counsellor advices he client.
- Counselling is a healing process while guidance is an instructing process
- Guidence is open or less private but counselling is confidential
Kisuke, C., (1995). Raising to-day's Children (Revised Edition). Nairobi Uzima Press