GRUSHA: Hide him. Quickly! The Ironshirts are coming! I laid him on your doorstep. But he isn’t mine. He’s from a good family.
PEASANT WOMAN: Who’s coming! What Ironshirts?
GRUSHA: Don’t ask questions. The Ironshirts that are looking for it.
PEASANT WOMAN: They’ve no business in my house. But I must have a little talk with your, it seems.
GRUSHA: Take off the fine linen. It’ll give us away.
PEASANT WOMAN: Linen, my foot! In this house I make the decisions! “You can’t vomit in my room!” Why did you abandon it? It’s a sin.
GRUSHA: (looking out of the window) Look, they’re coming out from behind those trees! I shouldn’t have run away, it made them angry. Oh, what shall I do?
PEASANT WOMAN: (looking out of the window and suddenly starting with fear): Gracious! Ironshirts!
GRUSHA: They’re after the baby.
PEASANT WOMAN: Suppose they come in!
GRUSHA: You mustn’t give him to them. Say he’s yours.
PEASANT WOMAN: Yes.
GRUSHA: They’ll run him through if you hand him over.
PEASANT WOMAN: But suppose they ask for it? The silver for the harvest is in the house.
GRUSHA: If you let them have him, they’ll run him through, right here in this room! You’ve got to say he’s yours!
PEASANT WOMAN: Yes. But what if they don’t believe me?
GRUSHA: You must be firm.
PEASANT WOMAN: They’ll burn the roof over our heads.
GRUSHA: That’s why you must say he’s yours. His name’s Michael. But I shouldn’t have told you. (The Peasant Woman nods). Don’t nod like that. And don’t tremble – they’ll notice.
PEASANT WOMAN: Yes. Grusha: And stop staying yes, I can’t stand it. (She shakes the Woman). Don’t you have any children?
PEASANT WOMAN: (muttering): He’s in the war.
GRUSHA: Then maybe he’s an Ironshirt? Do you want him to run children through with a lance? You’d baw him out. “No fooling with lances in my house!” you’d shout, “is that what I’ve reared you for? Wash your neck before you speak to your mother!”
PEASANT WOMAN: That’s true, he couldn’t get away with anything around here!
GRUSHA: So you’ll say he’s yours?
PEASANT WOMAN: Yes.
GRUSHA: Look! They’re coming! There is a knocking at the door. The women don’t answer. Enter Ironshirts. The Peasant Woman bows low.
CORPORAL: Well, here she is. What did I tell you? What a nose I have! I smelt her. Lady, I have a question for you. Why did you run away? What did you think I would do to you? I’ll bet it was something unchaste. Confess!
GRUSHA: (While the Peasant Woman bows again and again): I’d left some milk on the stove, and I suddenly remembered it.
CORPORAL: Or maybe you imagined I looked at you unchastely? Like there could be something between us? A carnal glace, know what I mean?
GRUSHA: I didn’t see it.
CORPORAL: But it’s possible, huh? You admit that much. After all, I might be a pig. I’ll be frank with you: I could think of all sorts of things if we were alone. (To the Peasant Woman) Shouldn’t you be busy in the yard? Feeding the hens?
(a) Give reasons that motivate Grusha to leave Michael at the peasant woman’s doorstep. Answer in note form (4 mks)
(b) Identify two aspects of style used in the excerpt. (4 mks)
(c) Why does Grusha feel that she shouldn’t have revealed the baby’s name to the peasant woman? (2 mks)
(d) “They’re after the baby”. Explain who are after the baby, under whose orders and for what reasons? (3 mks)
(e) With illustrations give one character trait for each of the following characters.
(i) Grusha ………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) Corporal ………………………………………………………………………………..
(f) In reference to the rest of the text where else (a part from this scene) does Grusha encounter the same corporal. (3 mks)
(g) You mustn’t give him to them. Add a question tag.
(h) What happens after this excerpt? (2 mks)
(i) Explain the meaning of the following as used in the excerpt.
(a) Bawl ………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Run him through ………………………………………………………………….
(c) Carnal glance ……………………………………………………………………..
(a) Grusha is motivated by the following:
− The flight has been exhaustive and the baby heavy.
− Fears that Simon might return in her absence.
− She has smelt the milk from the peasant woman’s farm. (4 x1 = 4 mks)
(b) Features of style:
− Symbolism – fine linen – symbolic of affluence / Royalty
− Metaphor – “you cannot vomit in my room”
− Humour – Any 2 x illus = 4 mks
(c) She has realized she has divulged important information concerning the child which can easily sell him out to the enemy. (2 mks)
(d) The Ironshirts are pursuing the baby having been mandated by the Fat Prince with an intention of killing the child. He would want to kill him as he is the heir to the Governor. (3 mks)
− Protective – is bent on protecting the baby from the iron shirts and this is why she runs back to the house.
− Cunning – cheats the corporal that she had left the milk on the stove
− Dishonest –
− Caring – Identification + illus (2 mks)
− Perverted –
− Immoral –
− Humorous – Identification + illus (2 mks)
(f) Grusha meets the same corporal; later in when Matella sues Grusha for stealing the baby. As she is led to court she bumps into him and confirms the same by a huge scar on the face.
(g) Must you? (1 mk)
(h) After this excerpt the peasant woman betrays Grusha by telling the Corporal that it is Grusha who had left the baby. The corporal sees the baby in the crib. (2 mks)
Bawl – short & loudly in an unpleasant manner (1mk)
Run him through , kill him by sticking a lance. (1mk)
Carnal glance – a look with some sexual desire (1 mk)
NB: The meaning of the phrases should be consistent with the tense of the words.
OLD MAN: Pursued. Need undivided attention. Make proposition . . .
AZDAK: Make what? A proposition? Well, if that isn’t the height of insolence. He’s making me a proposition! The bitten man scratches his fingers bloody, and the leech that’s biting him makes him a proposition! Get out, I tell you!
OLD MAN: Understand point of view! Persuasion! Pay hundred thousand piasters one night! Yes?
AZDAK: What, you think you can buy me? For a hundred thousand piasters? Let’s say a hundred and fifty thousand. Where are they?
OLD MAN: Have not them here. Of course. Will be sent. Hope do not doubt.
AZDAK: Doubt very much. Get out! The OLD MAN gets up, waddles to the door. A VOICE is heard offstage.
VOICE: Azdak! The OLD MAN turns, waddles to the opposite corner, stands still.
AZDAK (calling out): I’m not in! (He walks to the door.) So you’re sniffing around here again, Shauwa?
SHAUWA (reproachfully): You caught another rabbit, Azdak. And you’d promised me it wouldn’t happen again!
AZDAK (severely): Shauwa, don’t talk about things you don’t understand. The rabbit is dangerous and destructive beast. It feeds on plants, especially on the species of plants known as weeds. It must therefore be exterminated.
SHAUWA: Azdak, don’t be hard on me. I’ll lose my job if I don’t arrest you. I know you have a good heart.
AZDAK: I do not have a good heart! How often must I tell you I’m a man of intellect?
SHAUWA (slyly): I know, Azdak. You’re a superior person. You say so yourself. I’m just a Christian and an ignoramus. So I ask, you: When one of the Prince’s rabbit is stolen and I’m a policeman, what should I do with the offending party?
AZDAK: Shauwa, Shauwa, shame on you. I catch a rabbit, but you catch a man. Man is
made in God’s Image. Not so a rabbit, you know that. I’m a rabbit-eater, but you’re a man eater, Shauwa. And god will pass judgement on you. Shauwa, go home and repent. No, stop, there’s something . . . (He looks at the OLD MAN who stands trembling in the corner.) No, it is nothing. Go home and repent. (He slams the door behind Shauwa.) Now you are surprised, huh? Surprised I couldn’t hand over a bedbug to that animal. It goes against the grain. Now don’t tremble because of a cop! So old and still so scared? Finish your cheese, but eat like a poor man, or else they will catch you. Must I even explain how a poor man behaves? (He pushes him down, and then gives him back the cheese.) That box is the table. Lay your elbow on the table. Now, encircle the cheese on the plate like it might be snatched from you at any moment – what right have you to be safe, huh? – now, hold your knife like an undersized sickle, and give your cheese a troubled look because, like all beautiful things, it’s already fading away. (AZDAK watches him.) They’re after you, which speaks in your favour, but how can we be sure they’re not mistaken about you? In Tiflis one time they hanged a landowner, a Turk, who could proof he quartered his peasants instead of merely cutting them in half, as is the custom, and he squeezed twice the usual amount of taxes out of them, his zeal was above suspicion. And yet they hanged him like a common criminal – because he was a Turk – a thing he couldn’t do much about. What injustice! He got in the gallows by a sheer fluke. In short, I don’t trust you.
1. Place this excerpt in its immediate context. (4 marks)
2. Who is the old man and why is he being pursued? (2 marks)
3. Identify any theme present in the excerpt. (2 mark
4. Why has Shauwa visited Azdak’s home? (1 mark)
5. Identify any instance of irony in the excerpt. (2 marks)
6. What are the traits of the characters in this excerpt? (6 marks)
b. Old Man…………………………………………………………………………….
7. Must I explain how a poor man behaves? (Change into a declarative) (1 mark)
8. In less than 35 words, summarize the ways in which a poor man behaves. (4 marks)
9. Explain the meaning of the following words and expressions as used in the excerpt. (3 marks)
a. Insolence ________________________________________________________________
b. Exterminated ____________________________________________________________
c. Ignoramus _______________________________________________________________
Before the excerpt, a coup has taken place√ in which the Grand Duke is overthrown and Azdak has found a fugitive √(Old Man) and he is helping him to his hut.
After the excerpt, Azdak accommodates the Grand Duke√ and he later denounces himself to the police√.
2. He is the Grand Duke√ and he is being pursued to be killed√.
3. Corruption – Azdak steals rabbit from the Prince. -The landowner ‘squeezed twice the usual amount of taxes out of them.’
Impunity – Azdak is not punished for stealing rabbits.
Injustice – They hanged him like a common criminal – because he was a Turk – he couldn’t do much about it.
4. He has visited Azdak’s home so as to arrest him√.
5. Azdak says that rabbits are dangerous and destructive beast yet they are harmless√. It’s ironical that Azdak welcomes a stranger to his home yet he doesn’t trust him√.
6. Azdak -Corrupt – he steals rabbit from the Prince.’When one of the Prince’s rabbit is stolen’
Inquisitive – he asks the Old Man a lot of questions ‘Make what? A proposition?’
Welcoming – he gives the old man food though he’s a stranger, ‘encircle the cheese on the plate..’
Intelligent – ‘How often must I tell you I’m a man of intellect?’
Naïve – he negotiates with Azdak on whether to arrest him (Azdak)/’I’m a policeman, what should I do with an offending party?’.
Old Man- Illiterate – doesn’t speak coherently, ‘Pursued. Need Undivided attention.’ Untrustworthy – ‘In short, I don’t trust you.’
Fearful – he ‘stand trembling in the corner’ (1 mark for identification, 1 mark for illustration) N/B Accept any other well illustrated trait. 7. I must explain how a poor man behaves.
8. laying his elbows on the table. encircling the cheese on the plate holding the knife like an undersized sickle. giving the cheese a troubled look.
9. a. Insolence – extremely rude and showing lack of respect.
b. Exterminated – killed all members of a group.
c. Ignoramus – a person who does not have much knowledge.
AZDAK: Listen! Am accused instigating war? Ridiculous! Am saying ridiculous! That enough? If not, have brought lawyers. Believe five hundred. (He points behind him, pretending to be surrounded by lawyers) requisition all available seats for lawyers! (The IRONSHIRTS laugh:the FAT PRINCE joins in). NEPHEW (to the IRONSHIRTS): You really wish me to try this case? I find it rather unusual from the taste angle, I mean.
FIRST IRONSHIRT: Lets go! FAT PRINCE: (smiling): Let him have it, my little fox? NEPHEW: All right. People of Grusinia versus Grand Duke. Defendant, what have you got to say for yourself?
AZDAK: Plenty. Naturally, have read war lost. Only started on the advice of patriots. Like Uncle Arsen Kazbeki. Call Uncle Arsen as witness.
FAT PRINCE (to the IRONSHIRTS. Delightedly): what a madcap! NEPHEW: Motion rejected. One cannot be arraigned for declaring a war, which every ruler has to do once in a while, but only for running a war badly.
AZDAK: Rubbish! Did not run it at all! Had it run! Had it run by Princes! Naturally, they messed it up.
NEPHEW: Do you by any chance deny having been commander in chief?
AZDAK: Not at all! Always was commander-in-chief. At birth shouted at wet nurse. Was trained drop turds in toilet, grew accustomed to command. Always commanded officials rob my cash box. Officers flog soldiers only on command.
IRONSHIRTS (clapping): He’s good! Long live the Grand Duke!
FAT PRINCE: Answer him according to the dignity of the law. Defendant, preserve the dignity of the law!
AZDAK: Agreed. Command you proceed with trial!
NEPHEW: It is not your place to command me. You claim that the Princes forced you to declare war. How can you claim then that they-er- “messed it up”.
AZDAK: Did not send enough people. Embezzled funds. Sent sick horses. During attack, drinking in whorehouse. Call Uncle Arsen as witness.
NEPHEW: are you making the outrageous suggestions that the Princes of this country did not fight?
AZDAK: No. Prince fought. Fought for war contracts.
FAT PRINCE: (jumping up): That’s too much! This man talks like a carpet weaver!
AZDAK: Really? Told nothing but truth.
FAT PRINCE: Hang him! Hang him!
FIRST IRONSHIRT: (pulling the PRINCE down)Keep quiet! Go on, excellency!
NEPHEW: Quiet! Now render a verdict; you must be hanged! By the neck! Having lost war!
AZDAK: Young man, seriously advise not fall publicly into jerky clipped speech. Cannot be watchdog if howl like wolf. Got it? If people realize Princes speak same language as Grand Duke, may hang Grand Duke and prince, huh? By the way, must overrule verdict. Reason? War lost, but not for Princes. Princes won their war. Got 3,863,000 piasters for horses not delivered, 8,240,000 piasters for food supplies not produced. Are therefore victors. War lost only for Grusinia, which is not present in this court.
(a) “am accused instigating war?” Explain the circumstances that led the speaker to say these words.
(b) Why do you think the nephew is reluctant to try the case? (2 marks)
(c) Explain who according to the extract is responsible for instigating the war. (2 marks)
(d) Discuss at least two dominant themes in this extract. (4 marks)
(e) Identify and illustrate two character traits of Arsen Kazbeki as brought out in this extract.
(f) Pick out two stylistic devices and comment on their effectiveness. (6 marks)
(g) Explain the ironic twist that takes place in this extract. (2 marks)
(h) Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. (3 marks)
(i) I find it rather unusual. (Add a question tag)
(ii) Defendant, preserve the dignity of the law. (Rewrite in the passive).
(iii) “It is not your place to command me.” (Rewrite in indirect speech.)
a ) There is a coup and the governor is arrested and executed
− People in homestead free for their safety
− In her hurry to leave Natella ,the governors wife leaves her child behind
− After watching over the child overnight and realizing nobody is coming back for him Grusha decides to take baby.
− Peace returns and Natella want her baby back .
− The case is presided over by judge Azdak (between Grusha and Natella
b) He says that
− Mother bore the child
− Blood is thicker than water.
− She carried the baby in her womb.
− She fed the baby with her blood.
− She borne it with pain.
− She is affected negatively emotionally by the loss of her child. (any 4)(4x1 mrks)
c) The lawyer point out that ,even herself does not claim any blood relationship between her and the child (1mrk)
d) Greedy, materialism, Egocentric, Hypocritical (any 1, well illustrated 2mks)
The lawyer reveals that she want the child in order to acquire her husband estate which is tied to Michael(the heir) Hypocritical She claims that she has suffered bereavement anxiety and sleepless night while the cook tell us she left her child behind because all she was thinking about was shoes and dresses she had to take along .
- Caring ,Motherly ,Possessive, Kind ,Generous ,Loving ,Disciplined ,strict , Principled ,Honest (1mk for 1 indent illustrated )(any other well illustrated and relevant award. (2x2)(2mks)
e) Greed, Materialism Conflict Negligence Irresponsibility indent =1mrk illus=1mk (any other relevant and well illustrated (2x2)(4mks)
f) She was concerned about her own welfare (1mk )
g) Rhetorical question –Is there a more ultimate relationship?
-Can one tear a child from its mother? Ellipsis-to show somebody was cut off Mid sentenced-We agree ………….. “was seen with the baby ……….. Irony –Natella leaving her child and later claiming it -Natella –using her child as a tool to acquire wealth. (any 2 well illustrated 2 mks) (any other relevant-award) (4mks)
h) Title given to a respected person -Respect or action of giving respect -Privilege (2mks)
i) In her womb she carried it (1mks)