God’s covenant with Abraham
Abraham was asked to bring the following
- Three year old heifer.
- Three year old she-goat.
- Three year old ram.
- Turtle dove.
- Young pigeon.
- He was to cut these animals into halves except for the birds and arrange them in two rows.
- He laid the cut halves one against each other in two rows out in the sun.
- Birds were killed but were offered whole.
- Abraham fell into a deep sleep during which God gave him more promises.
- God the passed between the sacrificed animals in the form of a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch.
- This was an unconditional covenant because it is God who was to bear the consequences.
- Abraham had been assured of the fulfillment of the covenant.
- The burning bush in the call of Moses. (Exodus 3:2 – 4)
- The pillar of fire and a pillar of cloud as recorded in the story of Exodus. (Exodus 13:20 – 22)
- Thunder, lightning, smoke at Mount Sinai. (Exodus 19:16 – 22)
- The mighty wind, earthquake a still voice in the story of Elijah. (1 Kings 19:11 – 12)
Importance of the covenant
- It marks God’s initiative to enter into a personal relationship with humankind which had been destroyed.
- It signified the reward of obeying and having faith in God.
- It confirms that God was willing to fulfill the promises He had made to Abraham.
- Through the covenant with Abraham, all nations of the world were to receive God’s salvation.
- It shows that God may elect an individual and use him/her for His purpose.
- By entering into a covenant with Abraham, God was confirming His choice of Abraham as the one to fulfill His plan of salvation.