The death of Solomon and the Division of the Kingdom
After the death of King Solomon, his son Rehoboam succeeded him. Not all tribes of Israel accepted him as their King and therefore it split into two. The Northern 10 tribes formed Israel while the 2 Southern tribes formed Judah. Judah retained Jerusalem as the capital city.
- Solomon practiced idolatry which made God to punish him by splitting the kingdom.
- Solomon built high places for idols.
- The introduction of forced labour and heavy taxation led to discontentment among the Israelites and this made them rebellious.
- Solomon had many foreign wives who brought with them the worship of foreign gods to Israel.
- Rehoboam’s failure to heed to the elders wise counsel to rule the Israelites less harshly.
- Rehoboam’s acceptance of the foolish advice given by the youth to rule the people more harshly than his father had angered the people.
- Long standing feuds in David’s house.
- Jeroboam was ready to lead the rebellious groups against Rehoboam.
- Solomon’s favor extended towards the Southern tribes making the northern tribes to rebel/Solomon practiced nepotism and tribalism making northern tribes rebel.