1 SAMUEL 13:1 – 14, 15:7 – 25, 28:3–19
Background to King Saul’s reign
- When the elders of Israel went to Prophet Samuel and asked him to appoint for them a king, Samuel prayed to God seeking his guidance.
- God told him to obey the voice of the people.
- He sent him to a man called Saul, son of Kish from the tribe of Benjamin.
- Samuel was to anoint him to become the King over Israel.
- Samuel poured oil on Saul’s head from a flask he had with him. (I Sam 10:1)
- Therefore Saul became the first King of Israel.
- Samuel made it clear to the Israelites that they still remained God’s people.
- An Israelite King would still remain the servant of God. The king was to rule God’s people according to the covenant way of life.
- He explained to the people the rights and duties of the king. He wrote them in a book and laid it before the Lord,(I Sam 12:14 – 15.
- The initial appointment of Saul as King of Israel was in accordance to God’s will. He approved of Saul’s leadership in the following ways:
- Saul was Yahweh’s own choice. (I Sam 9:16; 10:24).
- Saul received God’s spirit, which gave him power to act as God’s appointee. (ISam 10:10)
- Through Yahweh’s help, soul fought against all Israel’s enemies everywhere and won e.g.
- Fought against the Ammonites (ISam 11:1).
- Led a successful war against the Philistines, thus saving Israel from their enemy (ISam 14:47).
- Defeated the Amalekites (I Sam 15).
However Saul failed and was rejected as King. He had a number of weaknesses that led to his failure and final rejection by God.