- The Old Testament.
- The New Testament.
- The word ‘Testament’ means covenant, agreement or promise.
- The Old Testament has 39 books while the New Testament has 27.
- The Roman Catholic Church Bible contains other books known as apocrypha books.
- Apocrypha is a Greek word which means hidden/secret writings. They are also referred to as Deutro-canonical books.
- 1 Maccabees.
- 2 Maccabees.
- Book of Wisdom.
- 1 Esdras.
- 2 Esdras
- Canonical books are books accepted by all Christians as Holy Scriptures.
- They make up the canon of the Old Testament and the New Testament.
- The word ‘Canon’ in Greek means;
DIVISIONS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
The books of the Old Testament are divided into four main categories and these are:
(i) Law books
These are the first 5 books of the Bible that are believed to have been written by Moses. These are:
(ii) Historical Books
They are 12 Historical books and they record the history of the Israelites from the time they entered Canaan and settled until after the Babylonian exile. These are:-
- 1st and 2nd Samuel.
- 1st and 2nd Kings.
- 1st and 2nd Chronicles.
• They are 5 and contain words of wisdom.
• They are poetic in nature and these are:-
- Songs of Songs.
- Prophetic books
They are referred to as Major Prophets because their messages cover a longer historical period and are 5 in number i.e.
- Minor Prophets
They are twelve i.e.
(v) The Song of Solomon/ Song of Songs
It is divided into 5 major categories. These are:-
(i) Biographical Books
• They are referred to as Gospels.
• These Gospels were written by the disciples of Jesus Christ.
• They tell the life story and ministry of Jesus Christ.
They are 4 in number i.e.
• The first three books in the New Testament are also referred to as the synoptic Gospels.
(ii) Historical Books
• It outlines the history and development of the church after Jesus’ ascension.
• It is one book namely:
• The author is Luke.
• It deals with the history of the early church after the ascension of Christ.
These are 13 letters written by Paul to the congregation and individuals to address certain problems that arose among them.
c) 1st and 2nd Corinthians
d) 1st and 2nd Thessalonians
f) 1st and 2nd Timothy
(iv) General Epistles
These letters are not addressed to specific churches or individuals but to all Christians to encourage them.
Are eight namely:-
c) 1st and 2nd Peter.
d) 1st, 2nd and 3rd John.
(v) Prophetic books
There is only one book i.e. Revelation.
It presents God’s will for the future.